titreBritish science fiction television programmes
Article publié le 23/11/2012

Overview Before the revival of Doctor Who, Russell T Davies began to develop an idea for a science-fiction/crime drama in the style of American dramas like Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. This idea, originally titled Excalibur, was abandoned until 2005, when BBC Three Controller Stuart Murphy invited Davies to develop a post-watershed science-fiction series for the channel. During the production of the 2005 series of Doctor Who, the word "Torchwood" (an anagram of "Doctor Who") had been used as a title ruse for the series while filming its first few episodes and on the 'rushes' tapes to ensure they were not intercepted. Davies connected the word "Torchwood" to his earlier Excalibur idea and decided to make the series a Doctor Who spin-off. Subsequently, the word "Torchwood" was seeded in Doctor Who episodes and other media which aired in 2005 and 2006. The series is set in Cardiff and follows the Welsh branch of a covert agency called the Torchwood Institute which investigates extraterrestrial incidents on Earth and scavenges alien technology for its own use (its origins are outlined in the Doctor Who episode "Tooth and Claw"). To paraphrase Torchwood Three's commander-in-chief, Captain Jack Harkness, the organisation is separate from the government, outside the police, and beyond the United Nations. Their public perception is as merely a 'special ops' group. The events of the first series take place some time after the Doctor Who series two finale, in which Torchwood's London headquarters was destroyed. The main writer alongside Davies was Chris Chibnall, creator of the BBC light drama show Born and Bred. Other writers include P.J. Hammond, Toby Whithouse, Doctor Who script editor Helen Raynor, Cath Tregenna, and Doctor Who cast member Noel Clarke, who gained acclaim for his screenplay for the film Kidulthood. Russell T Davies wrote just the first episode. In a 17 October 2005 announcement, Stuart Murphy described Torchwood as "sinister and psychological...As well as being very British and modern and real." Davies further described it as "a British sci-fi paranoid thriller, a cop show with a sense of humour. [...] Dark, wild and sexy, it's The X-Files meets This Life." Davies later denied ever making this comparison, instead describing the show as "alleyways, rain, the city". As Torchwood is a post-watershed show that is, after 9 p.m. it has more mature content than Doctor Who. Davies told SFX: "We can be a bit more visceral, more violent, and more sexual, if we want to. Though bear in mind that it's very teenage to indulge yourself in blood and gore, and Torchwood is going to be smarter than that. But it the essential difference between BBC One at 7 pm, and BBC Three at, say, 9 pm. That says it all instinctively, every viewer can see the huge difference there." According to Barrowman: "I don't do any nude scenes in series one; they're saving that for the next series! I don't have a problem with getting my kit off. As long as they pay me the right money, I'm ready to get out my cock and balls." Davies also joked to a BBC Radio Wales interviewer that he was "not allowed" to refer to the programme as "Doctor Who for grown-ups". The first series includes content rarely seen or heard in the Doctor Who franchise, including sex scenes (in episodes such as "Day One" and "Out of Time"), same sex kissing (with the exception of the Doctor Who Series 1 finale where Captain Jack kisses The Doctor), and use of extreme profanity in several episodes. BBC Three described Torchwood as the centrepiece of its autumn 2006 schedule. Cast and crew The series two cast, including special guest star Freema Agyeman as Martha Jones Torchwood, unlike its parent programme, centres on a team instead of a single character and companion(s). The show is oriented on Torchwood Three, the Cardiff branch of the Torchwood Institute, tasked (among other things) with keeping an eye on the space/time Rift that runs through the city, and on whatever washes through it. Torchwood Three is initially a team of five operatives, led by Jack Harkness (John Barrowman), with Gwen Cooper (Eve Myles) as the "new girl" who joins in the first episode and acts as an audience surrogate. Owen Harper (Burn Gorman) is the unit's medical officer and Toshiko Sato (Naoko Mori) is the resident computer specialist, while "administrative" duties are performed by Ianto Jones (Gareth David-Lloyd). Jones' role within the team is increased in series 2, and after Harper and Sato are killed the distinctions between the different member's roles are far less. Jones himself is killed in series 3, and Jack departs Earth leaving Gwen alone. Aside from the team, another major character is Rhys Williams (Kai Owen), Gwen's live-in boyfriend and later husband, who is initially unaware of the nature of Gwen's mysterious new job. After learning about Torchwood in series 2 episode "Meat", his role in the programme increases and he joins the main cast in series 3. Regularly recurring is PC Andy Davidson (Tom Price), Gwen's former police partner and occasional comic relief. Prior to the programme's debut, publicity materials featured Indira Varma as Suzie Costello among the regular cast members, giving the impression that she would appear throughout the series. However, Suzie was killed off at the end of the first episode with Gwen taking her place on the team, reappearing only once more as an antagonist. Paul Kasey regularly portrays aliens on the series, as in Doctor Who, under heavy prosthetics, such as the alien Weevils and Blowfishes. Doctor Who's Martha Jones (Freema Agyeman) crossed over to Torchwood for three episodes in the second series (from "Reset" to "A Day in the Death"). Another prominent guest star in Torchwood's second series is former Buffy and Angel star James Marsters, who plays Captain John Hart, a villainous Time Agent and Jack's former lover. Introduced in the episode "Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang", he reappears in the last two episodes of the series, forced to do Jack's brother Gray's vengeful will; he reforms when he escapes from Gray's influence. Making minor recurring appearances in the second series are a mysterious age-immune little girl (Skye Bennett) and Victorian era Torchwood member Alice Guppy (Amy Manson). Crew Richard Stokes produced Series 1 & 2 of Torchwood. Originally, Doctor Who director James Hawes was lined up as producer. After directing the BBC Four drama The Chatterley Affair, Hawes backed out of the project. Davies told Doctor Who Magazine that Hawes "has been having such a good time... that he's decided directing is his greatest passion, and as a result, he's stepped down." Series 3 was produced by Peter Bennett. Helen Raynor and Brian Minchin are the programme's script editors. The series also shares Doctor Who's production designer, Edward Thomas. The show's theme tune is written by Doctor Who's composer Murray Gold, and music for the series is composed by Ben Foster and Murray Gold. Production Series 1 of Torchwood was filmed from May 2006 until November 2006. For the second series Lead Writer Chris Chibnall wrote the opening episode and the three final episodes. Both Catherine Tregenna and Helen Raynor have written two episodes for the new series. The other episodes were written by James Moran, Matt Jones, J. C. Wilsher, Joseph Lidster, PJ Hammond and Phil Ford. Russell T Davies was initially announced as writing two episodes, but due to commitments to Doctor Who he is no longer writing any episodes. Block One, which consists of episodes by Raynor and Tregenna and is directed by Andy Goddard. Colin Teague is directing Block Two, which consists of Episode 2 by Moran and Episode 4 by Tregenna, with Ashley Way directing Block Three, consisting of Episode 1 by Chibnall and Episode 6 by JC Wilsher. An edited repeat of the second series episodes, suitable for children to view, was shown on BBC Two at 7pm. The third series, titled Children of Earth, started shooting on 18 August 2008, and comprised a five-episode mini-series that aired at 9pm on BBC One from 6 July 2009 and 9pm on BBC America HD and BBC America from 20 July 2009. Russell T Davies and Julie Gardner continue as executive producers, Peter Bennett produced the series and Euros Lyn directed all five episodes. Russell T Davies wrote the first and last episodes, the overall story arc, and co-wrote episode 3 with James Moran. John Fay wrote episodes 2 and 4. Russell T Davies has said that although a fourth series is "ready to go", its airing is entirely dependent on the performance of the third series. He also has said that he has the next series planned out, stating, "I know exactly how to pick it up. I've got a shape in mind,We are listing here 5 must have wholesale name brand clothing for wholesale women jerseys men and women. and I've got stories. I know where you'd find Gwen and Rhys, and their baby, and Jack, and I know how you'd go forward with a new form of Torchwood." Although he would prefer for the next series to be another mini-series, Davies has no qualms about doing another 13 episode run. While a guest on Steve Wright in the Afternoon on BBC Radio 2, John Barrowman stated Series 4 was on for 13 episodes. International broadcasts This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2009) Australia In Australia, after the ABC and SBS passed on the series, Network Ten acquired the rights to air it. After its premire on 18 June 2007, a reviewer for The Sydney Morning Herald's The Guide said, "The appeal of Torchwood is not so much that it's gloriously implausible sci-fi pulp, but that it knows it's gloriously implausible, sci-fi pulp." Ten's press release cites rival programming in their decision to move the show to a Wednesday 12 am timeslot halfway through the series. Torchwood now airs on UKTV in Australia. Series one was played on Imparja, but as of 3 February 2008 the station is no longer affiliated with Ten and will not screen more. Series 2 of Torchwood aired on Ten HD from 1 September 2008. On 19 June 2009, ABC2 began broadcasting series one, two and three on Fridays at 8:30pm. When Series 2 started broadcasting on 18 September 2009, ABC2 started broadcasting Torchwood Declassified after each episode. Each episode of the third series was broadcast on UKTV and BBCHD the day after it was aired in the UK. ABC2 began airing Children of Earth on 8 January 2010 weekly. Canada The Canadian network CBC was a co-producer of series one, and premiered in October 2007. The show airs for French-speaking Canadian audiences on Ztl. Series two began airing on Space on 8 August 2008 and series three was aired on Space over five consecutive nights in July 2009. Space has since broadcast series 1 and repeated series 2. France In France, the first series began airing on 12 October 2007 on NRJ 12, and since 13 January 2009 on SciFi. The second series began on 5 September 2008 on NRJ 12 and the third series began on 17 November 2009 also on NRJ 12. Germany In Germany, the first series started airing on 11 March 2009 on RTL II and the second series started on 10 June 2009. The third series started airing on 16 September 2009 under the name: Kinder der Erde. Japan In Japan, the first series started airing on 6 January 2010 on Super! drama TV. New Zealand The first series began screening on TV2 in New Zealand on Wednesday, 9 July 2008, starting with series 1 and running straight through to the 4th episode ("Meat") in the second series. Series 2 continued airing on 11 February 2009 and season 3 premiered on 10 February 2010. Portugal In Portugal, Sic Radical started transmitting the first series in January 2009, right after the end of series 2 of Doctor Who. Serbia In Serbia, the first and second series started airing daily on RTS 1 on 19 August 2009. Malaysia In Malaysia, (Seasons 1 & 2) were last transmitted on BBC Entertainment (Chn731) via Astro Network on 29 November 2009. Sweden In Sweden, the first series aired on 24 June 2007 on TV4+ and the second series started on 6 July 2008. The first episode of the third series aired on February 17'Th 2010 on TV4. United States On 2 April 2007, BBC America had acquired the rights to broadcast the series in the United States. The series started on 8 September 2007; the initial broadcast of the series was tied-in to a "radical makeover" of the channel that was to occur later in 2007. The second series started on BBC America 26 January 2008, and the third on 20 July 2009. Torchwood has become one of the higher rated programmes for BBC America with its first series premire in September 2007 attracting an audience of almost half a million viewers. HDNet acquired the US high definition rights for the first 26 episodes (Series 1 and 2) and began airing Series 1 episodes on Monday evenings, starting 17 September 2007. On Monday 11 February 2008 HDNet began showing Series 2 episodes. Setting "With Doctor Who we often had to pretend that bits of Cardiff were London, or Utah, or the planet Zog. Whereas this series is going to be honest-to-God Cardiff. We will happily walk past the Millennium Centre and say, 'Look, there's the Millennium Centre'." ussell T Davies Torchwood is filmed and set in Cardiff. The makers of Torchwood deliberately portray Cardiff as a modern urban centre, contrasting with past stereotypical portrayals of Wales. "There's not a male voice choir ... or a miner in sight, aside from John" said BBC Wales Controller Menna Richards. Conservative MP Michael Gove described the debut of Torchwood as the moment confirming "Wales' move from overlooked celtic cousin to underwired erotic coquette." Filming has also taken place in areas outside of Cardiff, including Merthyr Tydfil. Roald Dahl Plass, outside the Millennium Centre, acts as the exterior of the Hub. The team's headquarters, referred to as the Hub, was beneath Roald Dahl Plass in Cardiff Bay formerly known as the Oval Basin. This is where the TARDIS landed in the Doctor Who episodes "Boom Town" and "Utopia" to refuel, and is the location of the spacetime rift first seen in "The Unquiet Dead". The Hub itself was around three storeys high, with a large column running through the middle that was an extension of the fountain above; at its base lay the rift machine. The Hub had two means of access: a lift that rose to the plass next to the fountain (camouflaged by a perception filter), and a more mundane entrance hidden in a tourism office. The Hub was last seen as a smoking pile of rubble, after the Government destroyed it with a bomb in Series 3 in an assassination attempt against Captain Jack Harkness. The military base scenes in "Sleeper" and the booby-trapped abandoned warehouse scenes in "Fragments" were filmed at RAF Caerwent, near Chepstow, South Wales. Critical reception Main article: Reception of Torchwood As a spin-off of long-running British cultural artifact Doctor Who, Torchwood's launch into British popular culture has received much positive and negative review, commentary and parody following the hype of its inception, especially regarding its status as an "adult" Doctor Who spin-off as well as its characterisation and portrayal of sex. Reviews for the first series were largely negative, with sites such as Behind the Sofa giving many more negative reviews than positive ones.Last year, BMW Motorrad USA sales Cheap Jerseys increased by four percent while the motorcycle market declined Reviews of the second series were more positive. The third series, which took the form of a five-part story arc with the blanket title of Children of Earth, received a number of positive reviews. Critics described it separately as a "powerful human drama"; "Best. Torchwood. Ever."; and "... against all expectations, a work of Proper Drama". Conversely, The Daily Mirror gave the mini-series a negative review, describing it as "the modern-day Blake's Seven: ludicrous plot, hammy acting, an adolescent penchant for 'Issues'". Metacritic, an American review aggregator website, gives Torchwood series one a rating of 74 out of 100, meaning "generally favourable reviews". The show's second series rates higher, at 81 out of 100, indicating "universal acclaim". The third series rated 80, with the highest score being a 91 from Time and the lowest a 60 from The New York Times. In April 2007, Torchwood beat its parent series, which is also made in Wales, to win the Best Drama Series category at the BAFTA Cymru Awards. The awards, given by the Welsh branch of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, celebrate the achievements of film and television productions made in Wales. Eve Myles won the Best Actress category at the same awards, ahead of Doctor Who's Billie Piper. In 2008, the episode "Captain Jack Harkness" was nominated for the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form. A plot point in the Torchwood miniseries, Children of Earth, triggered protests from fans of the show, including the "Save Ianto Jones" campaign, which collected more than 10,000 pounds for the Children In Need charity. Other fans resorted to abuse and threats, causing writer James Moran to fire off an angry missive in a blog post. Showrunner Russel T Davies made no apologies for the decision to kill off the character, saying, "I just delighted that the fans are so wrapped in the character to have that reaction." The death of a character involved in a same-sex relationship led several writers to analyse the death in view of the character's earlier refusal to admit to his relationship with a man, and claimed that the death was a sign that the LGBT community was leaving behind its image of victimhood. Ratings The first episodes of Torchwood on BBC Three gave the channel its highest ever ratings, and the highest ratings of any digital-only non-sports channel at the time with 2.519 million viewers (though this has since been surpassed by Bionic Woman on ITV2 which gained 2.553 million in March 2008 ). The audience share was 12.7%, increasing to 13.8% for the second episode (shown immediately after the first episode on the same day), despite viewership dropping to 2.498 million. Ratings for later episodes dropped to around 1.1 to 1.2 million viewers during the first showing on BBC Three (the lowest being 0.8 million for week ending 24/12/06), but nevertheless, the show remained the most viewed programme on BBC Three by a wide margin. The repeat screenings on BBC Two later the same week were around 2.2 to 2.3 million (dropping to under 1.1 and 1.8 respectively for the weeks ending 03/12/06 and 10/12/06). For its second series which began in January 2008, Torchwood was moved to the more established BBC Two channel. Again, initial ratings were respectable and the first episode garnered 4.22 million viewers. However, the series again began to decline and had lost a million viewers by its fourth episode. It later dropped to a low of 2.52 million viewers towards the end of its run , even after the BBC had moved it from its usual Wednesday night slot (where it was being consistently beaten by ITV's programming and Channel 4's no.1 series, Grand Designs) to Friday nights. The second series had an overall average rating of 3.26 million viewers on BBC Two. Torchwood's five part third season, entitled Children of Earth, premiered on BBC One in July 2009, with an estimated 5.9 million viewers according to overnight figures. Ratings for the second episode dropped to 5.58m, but rose to a high of 6.24m for the fourth episode. According to the overnight figures, the mini-series garnered an average rating of 5.88 million viewers. According to official figures, published by Broadcasters' Audience Research Board (BARB), all five episodes of the mini-series garnered more than 6 million viewers, with the fourth episode gaining the largest audience. Themes Main article: Themes in Torchwood Torchwood explores several themes in its narrative, in particular LGBT themes. Various characters are portrayed as sexually fluid; through those characters, the series examines homosexual and bisexual relationships. The programme also addresses issues around existentialism, the nature of human life and the absence of a traditional afterlife, and the corrupting nature of power. Episodes Main article: List of Torchwood episodes The premiere episode "Everything Changes" was written by Russell T Davies and serves to introduce the main characters and roles within the series, using newcomer Gwen as the audience surrogate in a similar style to the introduction of the companion characters in Doctor Who. The second episode, titled "Day One", aired immediately after the first. It continues Gwen's neophyte role and includes a "sex monster" science fiction storyline similar to that seen in three different U.S. fantasy series from the 1990s: The Outer Limits episode "Caught in the Act", the first season episode of Angel titled "Lonely Hearts", and the second season episode of Charmed titled "She's a Man, Baby, a Man!". The first 13-episode series ended with a two-parter on 1 January 2007. The first part, entitled "Captain Jack Harkness", is a love story set in wartime Britain, with a subplot which serves to push the setting towards an "apocalypse" for series finale "End of Days". It deals with the ramifications of diseases and persons from throughout history falling through time and across the universe to arrive in the present day, and particularly in Cardiff. The episode also sets up Jack's return in the Doctor Who episode "Utopia". The second 13-episode series of Torchwood begins by following on with Jack's return from the previous Doctor Who episode, "Last of the Time Lords" with the series premiere, "Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang", which aired 16 January 2008. The series introduces Jack's ex-partner Captain John Hart in its premiere, reveals flashbacks to Jack's childhood in "Adam" and shows how each member joined Torchwood in the penultimate episode "Fragments". A three-episode arc ("Reset", "Dead Man Walking" and "A Day in the Death") in the middle of the series guest stars Doctor Who actress Freema Agyeman as Martha Jones, temporarily drafted into Torchwood. The arc focuses upon the death and partial resurrection of main character Owen Harper, and how he coped as a dead man. The second series' finale, "Exit Wounds" (which aired 4 April 2008) features the departures of main characters Owen and Tosh, whose deaths at the hands of Jack's long-lost brother Gray reduced the series' cast to Barrowman, Myles and David-Lloyd in its closing scenes. The Torchwood Three team made a crossover appearance in the series four finale of parent show Doctor Who, "The Stolen Earth"/"Journey's End", which featured Jack Harkness leaving the Doctor at the close of the story, accompanied by Martha Jones and Mickey Smith. On November 13, 2009, an article was posted on Eve Myles's (actress playing Gwen) website confirming that work on Series 4 had begun and that shooting was expected to begin in January of 2010. Spin-offs BBC Two is airing Torchwood Declassified, a making-of programme similar to Doctor Who Confidential. Each Declassified episode runs under ten minutes, in contrast to Confidential's 45 (formerly 30). Torchwood Declassified is also available online at the BBC's Torchwood site. Torchwood has "a heavy online presence". At the Edinburgh International Television Festival, BBC Director of Television Jana Bennett said that the online features will include the ability to explore the Hub, an imaginary desktop, weekly 10-minute behind-the-scenes vodcasts. Due to digital media rights restrictions most video content on the BBC Three websites is only accessible to users within the UK. "You can join the corporation of Torchwood and be one of its employees," said Bennett. The Flash-based interactive website, including the Hub Tour, debuted on 12 October 2006. Set between the end of Series Two and the beginning of Series Three, the BBC aired four Torchwood radio dramas featuring the cast of the series. As a tie in with Radio 4's CERN-themed day on 10 September 2008, a CERN-themed radio episode of Torchwood written by Joseph Lidster, entitled "Lost Souls", aired as the day's Afternoon Play. This was the first Torchwood drama not to feature Burn Gorman and Naoko Mori. Three further episodes were broadcast on 13 July 2009: "Asylum", "Golden Age" and "The Dead Line". The Hollywood Reporter has reported that Fox is developing a spin-off of Torchwood to be set in the United States. It will be worked on by the original series' production team, including series creator Russell T Davies. Merchandise See also: Doctor Who merchandise Titan Magazines have launched a Torchwood Magazine which was released on 24 January 2008 in the United Kingdom. The United States version was launched in February 2008. The Australia/New Zealand version was launched in April 2008. DVD releases This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2009) The complete first series has been released on Region 2 DVD in the UK. A North American Region 1 release occurred 22 January 2008, following the broadcast of Series 1 on BBC America in the United States and the CBC in Canada. Series One Part One, Two and Three have been released In Australia Region 4, with the Complete First Series released in February 2008. The complete series 1 sets released in the UK and US also include the episodes of the behind-the-scenes series Torchwood Declassified. The Complete Second Series was released on 30 June 2008 (Region 2), along with the Complete First series on Blu-ray and HD DVD. Series 1, 2, and 3 episodes are currently available for download through iTunes in the US and UK. DVD Name UK Release Date (Region 2) North American Release Date (Region 1) Australian Release Date (Region 4) New Zealand Release Date (Region 4) Series One Part One (Episodes 1-5): 26 December 2006 Complete (Episodes 1-13): 22 January 2008 Part One (Episodes 1-5): 31 July 2007 Complete (Episodes 1-13): 11 September 2008 Part Two (Episodes 6-9): 26 February 2007 Part Two (Episodes 6-9): 6 September 2007 Part Three (Episodes 10-13): 26 March 2007 Part Three (Episodes 10-13): 2 October 2007 Complete (Episodes 1-13): 19 November 2007 Complete (Episodes 1-13): 6 February 2008 Series Two Complete (Episodes 1-13): 30 June 2008 Complete (Episodes 1-13): 16 September 2008 Complete (Episodes 1-13): 2 October 2008 Complete (Episodes 1-13): 15 January 2009 Children Of Earth (Series Three) Complete (Episodes 1-5): 13 July 2009 Complete (Episodes 1-5): 28 July 2009 Complete (Episodes 1-5): 1 October 2009 Blu-ray releases Release Name UK Release Date (Region B) North American Release Date (Region A) Australian Release Date (Region B) The Complete First Series 30 June 2008 16 September 2008 1 October 2009 The Complete Second Series 22 June 2009 7 July 2009 1 October 2009 Children of Earth 13 July 2009 28 July 2009 1 October 2009 Books Main article: List of Torchwood novels and audio books Accompanying the main series of Torchwood are a series of novels. The books are published in paperback-sized hardcover format, the same format BBC Books uses for its New Series Adventures line for Doctor Who. These novels were later released, abridged, as audiobooks. Original soundtrack Main article: Torchwood: Original Television Soundtrack On 22 September 2008, Silva Screen Records released a compilation of music featured in the show's first and second series. The disc features 32 tracks composed by Ben Foster and Murray Gold. The soundtrack for Children of Earth became available for download 7 July 2009. See also BBC portal Doctor Who spin-offs Doctor Who tie-in websites List of Torchwood episodes List of Torchwood novels List of Torchwood writers References ^ "Three is a Magic Number". Torchwood Magazine: p.4. August 2008. ^ "Radio Times TV Listings - Torchwood". Radio Times. 2008-01-03. . Retrieved 2008-01-03. ^ a b BBC Press Office (2007-07-16). "Torchwood to air on BBC Two". Press release. . 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Retrieved 2007-04-04. ^ "Torchwood Secrets To Be Revealed". . Retrieved 2007-07-16. ^ Outpost Gallifrey: Doctor Who RSS News Feed ^ BBC America - Torchwood: Children of Earth ^ AfterElton, Torchwood's US premiere ratings ^ HDNet (2007-07-31). "HDNet Delves into the Supernatural with the Smash-Hit BBC Series ORCHWOOD". Press release. . Retrieved 2007-07-31. ^ "Dr Who spin-off based in Bay". South Wales Echo. 17 April 2006. . ^ Price, Karen (2006-10-19). "Action, aliens - and it's filmed in Wales". [[Western Mail (Wales)

]]. . Retrieved 2006-11-04. ^ Gove, Michael (2006-10-25). "What could be sexier than South Wales?". The Times. . Retrieved 2006-11-04. ^ Gove, Michael (2006-10-25). "What could be sexier than South Wales?". . Retrieved 2006-11-04. ^ "Torchwood!". Merthyr Tydfil County Borough Council. . ^ Ben Rawson-Jones. "Torchwood's Final and Finest Hour". . Retrieved 13 August 2009. ^ Ahsan Haque. "Torchwood: "Children of Earth" Review". . Retrieved 13 August 2009. ^ Lawrence Miles. "Captain Jack's Guts".The mobile phone market has exploded in the past few years, and now the majority of mobile phone wholesale individuals owns at least one cell phone. . Retrieved 13 August 2009. ^ Jim Shelley. "Why Torchwood is the modern version of Blake's Seven". . Retrieved 13 August 2009. ^ "Torchwood series one reviews". . ^ "Torchwood series two reviews". . ^ "Torchwood: Children of Earth series three reviews". . Retrieved 2009-07-26. ^ "Dr Who sweeps Bafta Cymru board". BBC News Online. 2007-04-29. . Retrieved 2007-04-29. ^ "2008 Hugo Nomination List". Denvention 3: The 66th World Science Fiction Convention. World Science Fiction Society. 2008. . Retrieved 2008-03-21. ^ Save Ianto Jones ^ The Pen Is Mightier Than the Sword ^ "Torchwood"'s Russell T Davies Makes No Apologies For Anything ^ Death By "Torchwood": Captain Jack, Ianto Jones, And The Rise Of The Queer Superhero ^ a b BARB ^ "Torchwood scores record audience". BBC News. 2006-10-23. . Retrieved 2006-10-23. ^ Weekly Multichannel Top 10 progammes, BARB. Accessed 7 December 2006 ^ Digital Spy - 5.9m tune in for new 'Torchwood', ^ Digital Spy - Jackson memorial seen by 6.3 million, ^ Torchwood hits new heights ^ Russell T Davies. (2006-10-23). Torchwood Declassified, Episode 2, Bad Day at the Office. [Television Series/Webcast]. United Kingdom: BBC. ^ Torchwood Series 4 n the works ks ^ "Torchwood Declassified". . Retrieved 2006-10-14. ^ Robinson, James (2006-08-27). "BBC chief sees future in computer generation". The Observer. . Retrieved 2006-08-28. ^ Wilkes, Neil (2006-08-26). "BBC goes interactive with 'Torchwood'". Digital Spy.Do not seek through paper catalogs or look from store to store, purchasing wholesale soccer T-shirt online is the coziest way to wholesale soccer shirt buy wholesale soccer jerseys. . Retrieved 2006-08-28. ^ "Torchwood Videos". . Retrieved 2007-06-10. ^ "Radio 4 has exclusive access to CERN'S Big Bang experiment". BBC Press Releases. 7 August 2008. . Retrieved 2008-08-08. ^ Jarrod Cooper (26 April 2008). "Torchwood comes to Radio 4". The Doctor Who News Page. . Retrieved 2008-04-27. ^ "BBC Radio 4 Programmes - Afternoon Play, Torchwood - Asylum". BBC Radio 4. . Retrieved 2009-06-27. ^ "BBC Radio 4 Programmes - Afternoon Play, Torchwood - Golden Age". BBC Radio 4. . Retrieved 2009-06-27. ^ "BBC Radio 4 Programmes - Afternoon Play, The Dead Line". BBC Radio 4. . Retrieved 2009-06-27. ^ Neil Wilkes, Nick Levine (24 November 2008). "A quickie with John Barrowman". Digital Spy. . Retrieved 2008-11-24. ^ "Torchwood returns to the airwaves". BBC. 2009-05-11. . Retrieved 2009-05-12. ^ "Torchwood Magazine (UK)". Titan Magazines. 2007-10-28. . Retrieved 2007-10-28. ^, accessed 3 May 2008 ^ Retrieved 21 June 2008. ^ 2 Entertain Video Ltd. "Torchwood Series 1 Boxset approved" (PDF). Press release. . Retrieved 2007-12-01. ^ "Torchwood - The Complete 2nd Series (5 Disc Box Set) @ EzyDVD". 2008-10-02. . Retrieved 2009-03-02. ^ "Torchwood - Children of Earth [DVD 2009"]. . Retrieved 2009-06-18. ^ "Torchwood - Children of Earth DVD Information". . Retrieved 2009-06-18. ^ Torchwood - Children of Earth (2 Disc Set) @ EzyDVD ^ "Torchwood - Series 1 Box Set (Blu-ray)". . Retrieved 2009-06-18. ^ "Torchwood: The Complete First Season (Blu-ray) (2008)". . Retrieved 2009-06-18. ^ Torchwood - The Complete 1st Series (6 Disc Set) (Blu-ray) @ EzyDVD ^ "Torchwood - Series 2 - Complete (Blu-ray) (2007)". . Retrieved 2009-06-18. ^ "Torchwood: The Complete Second Season (Blu-ray) (2009)". . Retrieved 2009-06-18. ^ Torchwood - The Complete 2nd Series (4 Disc Set) (Blu-ray) @ EzyDVD ^ "Torchwood - Children of Earth (Blu-ray) (2009)". . Retrieved 2009-06-18. ^ "Torchwood: Children of Earth (Blu-ray) (2009)". . Retrieved 2009-06-18. ^ Torchwood - Children of Earth (2 Disc Set) (Blu-ray) @ EzyDVD ^ "Silva Screen Records: Torchwood Soundtrack Release", External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Torchwood Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Torchwood Torchwood at BBC Online Torchwood at the Internet Movie Database Torchwood at The TV IV Torchwood at Torchwood (BBC South East Wales) at BBC Online Torchwood at BBC America Torchwood organisation (BBC mini-site) Torchwood Network TEN - Torchwood - Official broadcaster site (Australia) Torchwood on Doctor Who Wiki,Putting on soccer jerseys is Wholesale soccer shirt presently a mania that progressively persons are being addicted of. an external wiki vde Torchwood Torchwood main pages Themes Criticism Torchwood Declassified Doctor Who Whoniverse Torchwood Institute Cardiff Rift UNIT Weevils Main characters Jack Harkness Gwen Cooper Owen Harper Toshiko Sato Ianto Jones Martha Jones Rhys Williams Torchwood lists Episodes Monsters and aliens Characters Items Guest stars Writers Torchwood music Series 1 and 2 Soundtrack Related articles Torchwood Magazine Comics Novels and audio books "The Stolen Earth" / "Journey's End" vde Doctor Who Doctor Who pages The Doctor Companions Daleks Cybermen The Master Davros Sontarans TARDIS Sonic screwdriver Regeneration UNIT Torchwood Institute Time Lord Time War Whoniverse History Story arcs Missing episodes Theme music Fandom Merchandise Doctor Who lists Serials (unmade) DVD releases Doctors Cast Producers Script editors Writers Guest appearances Supporting characters Historical characters UNIT personnel Creatures and aliens Villains Henchmen Robots Planets Items Vehicles Music Soundtrack releases Chronology Story chronology Doctor Who exhibitions Spin-offs and related shows K-9 and Company Torchwood The Sarah Jane Adventures K-9 Doctor Who Confidential Totally Doctor Who TARDISODE Doctor Who: The Commentaries Doctor Who: A Celebration Doctor Who Prom Torchwood Declassified Adaptations and tie-ins Doctor Who spin-offs Novelisations and original books Audiobooks Audio plays Audio releases Stage plays Dalek films Video games Spoofs Bernice Summerfield Kaldor City Time Hunter Spin-off companions Faction Paradox Related publications Doctor Who Magazine Doctor Who Adventures Doctor Who - Battles in Time Doctor Who DVD Files Doctor Who portal vde Science fiction from the BBC 1990 The 7th Dimension A for Andromeda (2006 re-make) Adam Adamant Lives! 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titreThere are many other factors that affect the cost of rubies as well
Article publié le 23/11/2012

Rubies are the most amazing, bright colored gemstones that were crowned as atnaraj? atnaraj?is a Sanskrit word, which means ing of stines? Rubies are now available in different shades of reds,Among all, duchess satin white wedding dress is the heaviest. It is glossy and smooth and could be mori lee wedding dresses a choice for winter or autumn wedding. and ruby rings are the absolute favorites of all times. Vibrant in its color and having a shine, rubies are certainly the most desired gemstones today. The reddish color of rubies is because of the chromium content of these gemstones. Being one of the favorite of all times, rubies are now considered as the best choice for jewelry designing.Scovill infant coveralls customers moving into China, jeans customers also plan slice of china gemstone factory China's cheap labor market.

Ruby, the word has been derived from uber? a Latin word that means red. Rubies are categorized as the most precious gemstones of all fourth types, including diamonds, sapphires and emeralds. Rubies are available in various prices, depending on different factors. The very thing that affects the cost of rubies is the color. The brighter is the color, the more precious it becomes.
There are many other factors that affect the cost of rubies as well, such as the clarity of this stone, its cut, transparency and shape. The better all these things would be, the higher would be the price of this gemstone. Also, as the carat increases, the weight of the gemstone will increase, and so will its price. If you are looking for the best quality of genuine rubies, it will essentially cost a lot more. However, before you do so, make sure you have checked these stones in the laboratory for any alterations. Any gemstone that has been heated, oiled or worked on will come with a tag that says ultured? These stones are usually cheaper when compared to the natural ones.

Rubies are considered to be one of the most favorites of all gemstones since ages. Ruby rings have now become the best choice for weddings and engagements. This gemstone has been very close to woman heart because of its bright and vibrant color. Ruby color represents romance, passion, love,Do not seek through paper catalogs or look from store to store, purchasing wholesale soccer T-shirt online is the coziest way to wholesale soccer shirt buy wholesale soccer jerseys. desire, togetherness and courage. Rubies embedded in jewelry items are fantastic for all occasions. Whether it is a wedding or formal party, ruby rings, ruby embedded neckpieces and chokers and similarly other jewelry items, rubies get along very well with all types of dresses.
You can buy rubies from local jeweler or from any online store.The Dyson DC14 has a number of advantages when it comes to dyson airblade dealing with pet hair in your carpet and upholstery. There are some people who would prefer to purchase the ready-to-wear gemstone jewelry items,The mobile phone market has exploded in the past few years, and now the majority of mobile phone wholesale individuals owns at least one cell phone. whereas there are some others who would prefer to purchase loose rubies and have their jewelry customized.

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titrethe very first thing that comes in mind is the price of the shoes
Article publié le 23/11/2012

In the sporting world,The mobile phone market has exploded in the past few years, and now the majority of mobile phone wholesale individuals owns at least one cell phone. soccer is the undisputed leader in drawing in the crowds. Although enjoyable, it is a demanding game which requires that you have high quality, comfortable shoes that will offer you maximum protection, stability and flexibility.
The Adidas soccer shoes have emerged as the best shoes for the beautiful game in the whole world. Almost every star player has had an experience with this brand. In fact, Adidas products have nurtured many stars since 1924 and continue to do so even today with Soccer Shoes playing an integral role. Every new edition is an improvement of the previous models and this has happened over and over again over the years. What you get from years of continuous innovation is absolute comfort, stability and durability with a tinge of pride.
There are other brands which are also popular with soccer but Adidas tops the pack with its comfortable, light and durable range of soccer shoes. To put you on top of the game, you need a shoe that is light but strong, offers flexibility, and stability as you make fast twists and turns. Adidas soccer shoes are designed with these points in mind.The Dyson DC14 has a number of advantages when it comes to dyson airblade dealing with pet hair in your carpet and upholstery.For example, if you are not in a business where you will be high speed hand dryer needing high-resolution photographs, you can cut back on your color-depth. This is the brand that has been used by legends and superstars such as Pele, Maradona, Zidane and Cryuff.
Soccer cleats can have hook-and-loop or zippered closures, but lace-up soccer shoes will make the tightest, secure fit (especially if double-knotted). If buying used soccer cleats ?which abound at yard sales, thrift stores, and on Ebay ake sure the upper part of the shoe is free from rips and tears and the rubber studs on the bottom are not cracked or missing. Also, buy a size that will fit thick soccer socks that are required for regulation soccer league play.
where do i buy?
Below, a few important points are discussed that can help you to buy soccer cleats easily.
While buying shoes, the very first thing that comes in mind is the price of the shoes. Yes, price matters a lot but I will suggest you to go for comfort and quality too. It is NOT a good technique that you buy low-priced cleats that are also uncomfortable and pinching. Believe me this poor technique of buying soccer shoes can cost you more. Besides price, comfort and quality of soccer shoes also matters a lot.
There are some useful points that are helpful to increase the chances of buying comfortable and durable soccer shoes.
1. Manufacturing Company:
The very first technique that can help you to buy a good pair soccer cleats is to go for the perfect manufacturer.Here is a beautiful Lace on Net with beads known as Mori Lee Wedding Dresses 2315. This is a rich and royal fashion for your stroll down the aisle. Adidas Soccer Shoes & Nike Soccer Shoes are the top quality manufacturers of soccer supplies and you can buy very good quality soccer shoes from the outlets of these two manufacturers. Moreover, if you have wide foot then I will recommend you to buy Adidas Soccer Cleats because they are designed in such a way that people with wider foot can feel comfortable after wearing them.
2. Material and Quality of the Soccer Cleats:
Material used to manufacture the shoes also plays a vital role in their durability.If you buy your wedding gown on sale you will be able to Wedding Dresses On Sale save a ton of money that you can put away for other facets of the wedding. Usually, there are two famous materials that are used all around the world. One is pure leather and the other one is Synthetic leather. In my opinion, pure leather is perfect for soccer cleats because it is pure and very durable as compare to the artificial one.
3. Always go for Perfect Size:
Yes, size matters a lot while choosing a good pair of soccer cleats because your whole game depends on the size of your cleats. It has been noticed that people do not pay proper attention on the size of the shoes and this unawareness then results in different foot injuries. So, always try to buy those soccer shoes that are completely compatible with your foot size to perform well in the field.

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titreHere is a beautiful Lace on Net with beads known as
Article publié le 23/11/2012

According to England aily mail reports that Liverpool have justCheap whoesale jerseys supplier been released 2011-the second set of 12 season road authentic nfl jersey, the results make Liverpool fans annoyance, Liverpool used to city rivals everton in the blue.

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The daily mail said the Liverpool road jersey though use is white and blue, but using a different design concept. Design the new nfl jersey stylist inspiration comes from the mid 1980 s classic house coat, cheap wholesale jerseys for all of us a nostalgic feel to it. And in the 1980 s, Liverpool are in team history, the golden age 10 years,If you buy your wedding gown on sale you will be able to Wedding Dresses On Sale save a ton of money that you can put away for other facets of the wedding. the red army 6 times won the league title and complete a hat-trick of premiership titles feat.

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titreChoosing the right easel for your painting?
Article publié le 23/11/2012

To begin with with the art of oil painting you are faced to buy the materials needed. Oil painting materials are quiet expensive and there are many varieties of materials available which is little hard for the oil painting beginner. What we have here is a guide for you in purchasing your oil painting materials.Humans have certainly been using Gemstone jewelry for Gemstone jewelry countless thousands of years. The oldest piece of such is a string of beads thought to be around 100,000 years old.

1. Choosing the right easel for your painting? You have to consider some few things like what is it made of the height.Now-a-days, these Mens rings are easily available and anyone can go on mens ring internet and find these jewelry items if they wish. The most important thing to keep in mind is to have an easel that is sturdy. Many easels can be bought in art shops but if you do not have a budget then you can make one for your own. There are tips on how to make an easel that is just right for you. Having a self made easel gives you an ease of not adjusting anything when using because you can make it to put the canvas where you wanted. Portable easels are mostly used if you wanted to paint outdoors or out of your working place.

2. Next are white bristle brushes. Go for an assortment of brushes and it is suggested to get animal hair brushes and not the synthetics brush. Animal hairbrush handles the pigment better and is more natural than synthetic hairbrush. Q-tips cotton are also better in oil painting because they can create very subtle stroke with its soften edges. Using white bristle brushes needs more practice though. It is recommended to use a shaving brush, cut it with a brush cutter.

3. Pads of wax coated paper or disposable palettes is also needed when oil painting. Usuallu when you use only one, tear it off and its fine but it is suggested that you get to disposable palettes. One is for putting your colors down, although the other one is used for mixing colors only.

4.Of course, the king of the MP3 players is currently Apple with its line of 4Gb Mp3 Player iPods. From the iPod Shuffle to video iPods, this line is known for its sleek, elegant, and simple design. Different oils can be mixed with your pigments. Get started with Cold Pressed Linseed oil but you can experiment later on. The latter oil mentioned earlier is extracted from trees and is general purpose oil. A palette knife is to be used when mixing the oil and resins into the pigments. Alkyd resin is needed to fasten the drying time of the pigments. If you are not knowledgeable about alkyd buy a general purpose one until you know which one you want to use.

5. Other essential materials are paint thinner or mineral spirits. In using these substances ensure to get one that is not too smelly or strong because these are not that good to ones.Go to some online retailer, where all Wholesale NBA Jerseys are made of Cheap Nba Jerseys top of the range cloth and designed with the group name, official group emblem and your favorite participant's number featured on the front and back, just like people who the NBA stars put on on the court. Brush washer is also needed to put the paint thinner in and wash your brushes. Rags are preferred for messes and cleanups.

6. Canvas boards are good for oil painting practice. Prepare your canvas and buy it unprimed. There are pre-stretched canvases available in department stores or art shops though this comes with a price.

Aqiang's Art Studio online beautiful oil paintings on canvas for sale from USA.Therefore, the salesperson should know how the wind blows, wholesale Chinese asian fashionat the right time to Good Jersey Wholesale give appropriate recommendations to prevent oppressive production. They are offer top quality buddha paintings, reproduction and original oil paintings, famous oil paintings from famous artists including tips and advise for buying oil paintings online, tips and techniques to create beautiful paintings.

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